Canarias registra más de 3.000 amputaciones en los últimos 5 años a causa de un mal control de la diabetes

Mañana miércoles, 14 de noviembre, se celebra el Día Mundial de la Diabetes, una enfermedad que padece un 13% de la población canaria, o lo que es lo mismo unas 270.000 personas.

Unas 100.000 enfermos desconocen que sufren esta patología, lo que pone en serio riesgo su salud. Una de las complicaciones más recurrentes de esta enfermedad es las lesiones de pie diabético.

La Unidad de Pie Diabético del Hospital La Paloma de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, dirigida por el Dr. Javier Aragón, ha elaborado una guía útil para conocer qué cuidados y precauciones han de llevarse a cabo.

En Canarias el 9% de la población, según la encuesta de salud de Canarias 2015, padece diabetes. A ello hay que añadir entre un 4-6% más de personas que desconocen que sufren esta patología lo que pone en serio riesgo su salud. Las lesiones en el pie una de las complicaciones más devastadoras de esta enfermedad. La afección de los nervios y de los vasos sanguíneos de esta zona de la anatomía por un mal control de la diabetes, puede derivar en la aparición de lesiones que, si no son convenientemente tratadas, pueden desembocar en muerte de los tejidos y en amputaciones. De hecho, durante un periodo de 5 años, en Canarias se realizaron más de 3.000 amputaciones por este motivo.

Mañana, 14 de noviembre, se celebra el Día Mundial de la Diabetes, por lo que el Hospital La Paloma de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria ha elaborado una guía de manejo del pie diabético que te puedes descargar aquí.

El Dr. Javier Aragón, director médico del Hospital de La Paloma y responsable de la Unidad de  Pie Diabético, explica que “esta patología lleva a complicaciones muy severas en el ojo, riñón, a nivel cardiovascular y en los pies produciendo amputaciones”. Canarias se encuentra a la cabeza a nivel nacional en mortalidad por complicaciones derivadas de la diabetes.

El Dr. Aragón aconseja a los pacientes diabéticos que “vigilen la aparición de cualquier úlcera o herida en el pie. Conviene analizar de forma especializada estas lesiones, ya que el 85% de los pacientes que sufren amputaciones comenzaron con la aparición de una úlcera”. Este tipo de heridas suelen aparecer tras “la utilización de un calzado inadecuado, que se sitúa como causa desencadenante en aproximadamente el 40% de los casos; la realización de una pedicura incorrecta; las lesiones térmicas y los traumatismos punzantes producidos por un cuerpo extraño”.

El 95% de los diabéticos en las Islas padecen el Tipo 2, esto es, que además de la falta de insulina, esta no puede hacer su función debido a que existe una resistencia del organismo a su acción frecuentemente asociado a la obesidad. Aunque Canarias no lidera el índice de enfermos de diabetes a nivel nacional, sí lo hace en cuanto al número de complicaciones de la enfermedad. Con el mismo tratamiento, los pacientes canarios evolucionan peor que en el resto de comunidades. Esto podría significar que en las Islas se carece de una cultura de la prevención eficaz.

Consejos para el cuidado de los pies en los diabéticos

El Dr. F. Javier Aragón, director médico del Hospital La Paloma y especialista en pie diabético, nos ofrece estos consejos para el cuidado de los pies en los diabéticos:

  • El paciente diabético debe utilizar siempre zapatos amplios, confortables y bien acojinados. Tampoco deben ser demasiado holgados porque producen rozaduras.
  • Son preferibles las medias y calcetines de algodón o lana, de tamaño adecuado y sin costuras, remiendos o dobleces. Se evitarán las ligas.
  • En caso de que el pie presente abundante callosidad (sobre todo en los talones), sequedad o grietas, se utilizará una vez realizada la limpieza una crema hidratante.
  • No utilice callicidas, ni corte ni manipule los callos u otras lesiones de los pies. Deben ser tratados por un podólogo.
  • Nunca caminar descalzo sobre cualquier tipo de superficie o piso.
  • Camine diariamente si es que no se lo han contraindicado sus médicos y no fume.

Unidad de Pie Diabético del Hospital La Paloma

El Hospital La Paloma cuenta con una Unidad de Pie Diabético dirigida por el Dr. Francisco Javier Aragón, especialista en pie diabético con más de 30 años de experiencia, reconocimiento por la sociedad médica internacional. En esta unidad los pacientes reciben una atención 100% especializada para la prevención, diagnóstico y tratamiento de las lesiones en el pie diabético.

 

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