Sanidad extiende las recomendaciones por altas temperaturas a Tenerife

Verano en Las Galletas.

El sábado 24 podrían superarse los 24 grados de mínima y 32 de máxima en Guimar, La Victoria, Santa Úrsula, La Orotava y los Realejos.

En Gran Canaria se superarán en Agaete, Agüimes, Ingenio, Gáldar, Mogán, Santa Lucía, San Bartolomé de Tirajana, Teror, Valleseco y Valsequillo. También está previsto que se superen en el municipio de Pájara, en Fuertevntura.

Es fundamental mantenerse hidratado, evitar las comidas copiosas y el alcohol, no exponerse al sol entre las 12 y las 16 horas y no hacer ejercicio físico al aire libre.

La Consejería de Sanidad del Gobierno de Canarias recuerda la necesidad de tomar medidas para prevenir los posibles efectos adversos del calor sobre la salud ante la previsión de incremento de temperaturas que podrían registrarse durante este fin de semana, especialmente en algunas zonas de Gran Canaria y Fuerteventura, en especial entre los colectivos más vulnerables: personas mayores, niños y enfermos crónicos.

Las previsiones de la Agencia Española de Meteorología AEMET indican que  el sábado 24 se superarán las temperaturas umbral de 24 grados de mínima y 32 de máxima en los municipios tinerfeños de Güimar, La Victoria, Santa Úrsula, La Ororotava y los realejos. En Gran Canaria se superarán en Agaete, Agüimes, Ingenio, Gáldar, Mogán, Santa Lucía, San Bartolomé de Tirajana, Teror, Valleseco y Valsequillo. También está previsto que se superen en el municipio de Pájara, en Fuerteventura.

Estos municipios estarían por tanto en  aviso amarillo, o de bajo riesgo, que se activa  en  El Plan de Prevención de los Efectos de las Elevadas Temperaturas en la Salud de las Personas cuando las previsiones meteorológicas apuntan temperaturas iguales o superiores a los 32 de máxima y 24 de mínima durante uno o dos días.

Una de las medidas fundamentales es beber más agua, independientemente del tipo de actividad que se esté llevando a cabo, y no esperar a estar sediento. En mayores y enfermos crónicos debe hacerse al menos cada hora para evitar la deshidratación.

En estos días con previsión de elevadas temperaturas se debe evitar el consumo de bebidas cafeinadas, alcohólicas o muy azucaradas. Además, hay que evitar comidas copiosas y no consumir preparados fácilmente contaminables (ensaladillas, mayonesas, etc) y optar por una alimentación rica en frutas y verduras (con la precaución de lavarlas antes del consumo).

Para los grupos más vulnerables, los días de mucho calor es mejor quedarse en casa, o mejor realizar las gestiones en la calle a primera hora de la mañana o a última horas del día. Siempre fuera de los horarios en que los rayos solares llegan más verticalmente (de 12 a 16 horas).

Hay que tomar el sol de forma progresiva y con precaución (empezar con sesiones de 15 a 20 minutos y aumentar sin superar exposiciones de dos horas seguidas), dándonos un chapuzón de forma más frecuente y utilizando siempre cremas solares con un factor de protección mínimo de 15. Los menores de tres años no deben tomar el sol.

Es importante reducir la actividad física, pero las personas que realizan deportes al aire libre cuando el calor es excesivo deberían realizarlos a horas tempranas o al final del día. Si finalmente hay que salir de casa protegerse con sombrero y usar ropa cómoda y holgada.

En estos días está previsto el incremento de las temperaturas nocturnas, lo que puede perturbar el descanso alterando el sueño. Para evitarlo es importante la correcta ventilación del dormitorio, dejando puertas y ventanas abiertas generando algo de corriente para impedir el ‘efecto sauna’.

Si a pesar de estas medidas preventivas se dieran síntomas de trastorno por calor, mareos colapso por calor, se recomienda refrescarse con una esponja o toallas húmedas, tomar un baño si no se tiene mareos, beber líquidos frescos no alcohólicos y, si los síntomas no remiten, solicitar ayuda al médico lo antes posible o a través del 112.

Más información en nuestro canal de redes sociales www.canariassaludable.org dedicado a la promoción de la salud y a la prevención de la enfermedad.

 

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