Impulsan un proyecto para detectar mediante inteligencia artificial puntos de vertidos en el territorio

Vertido de Aguas residuales.

Nieves Lady Barreto destaca que tras esta iniciativa hay una importante labor de I+D+i que coloca a las Islas en primera línea nacional e internacional en materia de información geográfica.

La empresa pública Grafcan y la Agencia Canaria de Protección del Medio Natural (ACPMN) han puesto en marcha un proyecto piloto para detectar mediante el uso de inteligencia artificial puntos de vertidos sobre el territorio y elaborar con ello un mapa de zonas calientes de residuos incontrolados. El trabajo se ha comenzado por la isla de Gran Canaria y continuará con el resto del Archipiélago de manera paulatina.

Así lo informó hoy la consejera de Política Territorial, Sostenibilidad y Seguridad del Gobierno de Canarias, Nieves Lady Barreto, quien destacó que este proyecto es posible gracias al importante trabajo de I+D+i que viene desarrollando Grafcan y que coloca a esta empresa pública del Gobierno de Canarias en primera línea nacional e internacional en la producción y gestión de información geográfica y territorial.

A comienzos de este año, la Agencia Canaria de Protección del Medio Natural planteó la posibilidad de hacer uso de un pionero desarrollo tecnológico culminado por Grafcan en 2017, basado en la inteligencia artificial, que permite identificar automáticamente cambios en el territorio a partir de ortofotos.

«Las técnicas que hemos desarrollado en Grafcan suponen una ruptura con lo anterior, en cuanto permiten detectar cambios en grandes extensiones de territorio con unos tiempos de ejecución hasta ahora inimaginables, lo que supone, al mismo tiempo, un importante ahorro de costes», explicó su director, Juan Manuel Poveda, quien destacó que el Instituto Geográfico Nacional (IGN), el Instituto Cartográfico de Valencia y los Gobiernos de Navarra y del País Vasco han contratado los servicios de Grafcan para analizar a través de este nuevo sistema la evolución de diferentes territorios de la geografía nacional.

Sobre la base de este desarrollo innovador, Grafcan ha trabajado para diseñar y entrenar una red neuronal específica para la detección de vertederos a partir de imágenes aéreas de alta resolución. Los primeros resultados de esta red cifran en más del 95% su tasa de acierto y está siendo aplicada a la elaboración de este proyecto piloto sobre Gran Canaria, que se extenderá al resto de Islas.

Juan Manuel Poveda recordó que, desde el año 2005, Grafcan presta servicio a la Agencia en la elaboración del Mapa de cambios de Canarias, basado en la fotointerpretación de series de imágenes aéreas de años consecutivos, para la investigación de modificaciones producidas en el territorio. «Ese trabajo, siempre se había llevado a cabo íntegramente con medios humanos, pero, en 2017, empezamos a integrar los procesos de inteligencia artificial y deep learning en la generación del Mapa de cambios de Canarias, mejorando así nuestras capacidades de análisis territorial, obteniendo una radiografía de la evolución territorial anual y acortando muy significativamente los tiempos de proceso y, por consiguiente, contribuyendo a reducir el intervalo que transcurre entre la materialización de los cambios y su detección».

«La posibilidad de procesar y analizar el territorio de forma automática para la búsqueda de cambios presuntamente ilícitos o de vertidos incontrolados supone una aplicación práctica de nuevas tecnologías para la vigilancia y cuidado de nuestro medio ambiente», destacó Ana Batista, directora de la Agencia Canaria de Protección del Medio Natural.

Nuevo portal web de la Agencia Canaria de Protección del Medio Natural

Ana Batista presentó hoy el nuevo portal web de la Agencia Canaria de Protección del Medio Natural (www.acapmn.org) en el que, por primera vez, se podrá acceder a información estadística de los expedientes disciplinarios incoados, así como una imagen de la ubicación de dichos expedientes.

«Hemos querido simplificar el acceso a información de interés para el ciudadano, cumpliendo con las obligaciones de transparencia que tiene la Agencia», explicó la directora.

Asimismo, se mantiene el acceso a información de tipo jurídico y normativo, información y enlace a las entidades consorciadas (ayuntamientos y cabildos), así como a formularios tipo que pueden ser descargados por los ciudadanos para llevar a cabo trámites ante la Agencia.

Con la entrada en vigor de la nueva Ley de Suelo y Espacios Naturales Protegidos de Canarias se ha avanzado en la clarificación de las competencias y funciones de la ACPMN. En este sentido, se han ido implementando los cambios internos y externos necesarios para afrontar las responsabilidades y retos que el nuevo marco legal impone.

«También hemos renovado la imagen corporativa de la entidad, que ahora simboliza la unión de tierra, mar y aire y es más representativa de los nuevos objetivos que persigue la Agencia», añadió Batista.

 

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