Canarias | Los ginecólogos debaten sobre agresión sexual

Elena Cortés.

1 de cada 20 mujeres de la Unión Europea, mayores de 15 años, ha sido violada.

La hipertensión durante la gestación se mantiene como una de las principales causas de muerte entre las madres.

El XXV Congreso de la Sociedad de Obstetricia y Ginecología de Canarias analizan la atención de las víctimas de agresión sexual atendidas por el Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Insular Materno-Infantil (CHUIMI).

Las Naciones Unidas definen la violencia de género como todo acto de violencia basado en la pertenencia al sexo femenino que tenga o pueda tener como resultado un daño o sufrimiento físico, sexual o psicológico para la mujer, así como las amenazas de tales actos, la coacción o la privación arbitraria de la libertad, tanto si se producen en la vida pública como en la vida privada. Las agresiones sexuales, por tanto, se engloban en esta definición. Y estas consisten en cualquier acto de naturaleza sexual realizado sin consentimiento de la mujer, con independencia de que el agresor guarde o no relación conyugal, de pareja, afectiva o de parentesco con la misma.

En entrevistas personales realizadas a 42.000 mujeres de los 28 estados miembros de la UE, de entre 18 y 74 años, revela unos datos que deben analizarse “El 98% de los agresores sexuales son hombres, 1 de cada 20 mujeres mayores de 15 años de la UE ha sido violada, 1 de cada 10 mujeres ha sufrido violencia sexual por su pareja o ex pareja, 1 de cada 10 víctimas de violencia sexual fuera de la pareja fue agredida por más de un agresor en el incidente más grave y alrededor de 3,7 millones de mujeres habían sufrido violencia sexual en el último año de la encuesta”.

El 24,2% de las mujeres en España mayores de 16 años ha sufrido violencia física o sexual en los últimos 12 meses

Las cifras en España son igualmente preocupantes, “el 24,2% de las mujeres residentes en España mayores de 16 años han sufrido violencia física o sexual en los últimos 12 meses por sus parejas, ex parejas o por terceros, el 7,2% de la población femenina (1,7 millones de mujeres) ha sufrido una agresión sexual alguna vez en su vida, el 15,2% de las mujeres con origen extranjero han sufrido violencia sexual a lo largo de su vida (el doble que las españolas) y el 6,6% de mujeres con pareja han mantenido relaciones forzadas por su compañero sentimental”. Asimismo, la Dra. Cortés afirma que “el 94% de las mujeres que han sufrido agresiones sexuales por alguna pareja, las sufrieron más de una vez”.

La especialista explica que el profesional médico que atienda a la víctima de agresión sexual debe tener claro en qué consistirá su Asistencia Sanitaria. “Debe notificar de inmediato a las autoridades competentes (Fuerzas de Seguridad y Juzgado), prestar apoyo al Instituto de Medicina Legal para la recogida de muestras y proceder a la activación de Instituciones de Apoyo”. Además, se debe hacer un seguimiento a la víctima y evitar que se la culpabilice, alejando prejuicios en todos los pasos de atención.

 

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