¿Por qué el símbolo de la Justicia con ojos vendados?

Por Juan Santana.

Hoy justamente día 22 de Marzo del 2.017 un amigo es quién me dice que la mujer que simboliza la Justicia lleva los ojos tapados con una venda. Buscando información leo que esta figura o símbolo de representación de los dioses de la justicia en la mitología griega, pero posteriormente en la mitología romana adaptó ciertos símbolos y costumbres usados por los griegos ejerciendo pequeños cambios en ellos.

En la mitología griega la diosa Themis representaba la ley divina, las leyes terrenales y las costumbres hechas leyes. Themis era una mujer con una posición fuerte y dominante, una túnica que es levantada y sujetada con el brazo izquierdo mientras que en la mano derecho sostiene una balanza la cual simboliza la lucha entre el ser y los demás, además de sopesar cada caso de manera equitativa.

Resulta curioso conocer que las sentencias que la diosa Themis les dictaba a los jueces (sus themistopoli o sirvientes), tenían el nombre de «temitas», entre comillas. ¿Se han fijado como llamaban a las sentencias?, temitas, es decir, que tal vez en esos tiempos eran tantos los juicios, que les llamarían temitas o un temita más, pero no creo, estoy bromeando.

Con el pasar del tiempo la figura de la diosa tuvo muchos cambios y fue en el año 452 Después de Cristo cuando el Papa León el Grande sustituyó varias partes y definitivamente fue armada con una espada lo cual era sinónimo de autoridad y firmeza, en la otra mano poseía una balanza o en ocasiones un libro el cual representaba a la ley escrita.

Pasó mucho tiempo hasta que luego de la revolución francesa se apreciaba el hecho de distintos artistas de colocar una venda alrededor de los ojos de la diosa de la justicia lo cual significaba que la misma administraría justicia imparcialmente, sin mirar ni favorecer al grande o al pequeño, al pobre o al rico, al blanco o al negro, entre otros, sino que se basaría estrictamente a lo establecido en la ley.

En la actualidad, la Dama de la Justicia se trata de una representación simbólica de la justicia y es usada por muchos abogados, organismos que administran justicia, entre otros.

Básicamente el significado radica en que «La balanza» simboliza la consideración objetiva de los argumentos de las partes enfrentadas. «La venda» en los ojos es símbolo de la imparcialidad al resolver una controversia, hecho o caso. «La espada» indica autoridad y su capacidad para imponer las decisiones que adopta. Mi opinión personal es que el trabajo de Juez es una responsabilidad muy dura, porque en muchos casos de ajusticiar a grandes mafiosos por ejemplo, pueden encontrarse con amenazas a sus familias obligando a dejar en libertad aquellos acusados, para no encontrarse con daños irreparables.

Hoy la lucha de abogados es por encima de todo cuestión económica, porque es una forma de vida más entre tantas y los juicios suelen ser muy largos en casos de personas de alto nivel económico.

Luego está la palabra famosa, «Presunto», porque hasta que el juez no dicte sentencia, será inocente aunque las pruebas brillen por su presencia, sin entrar en más detalles.

En el tema personal de la calle, también tenemos que ser buenos jueces a la hora de criticar a una persona, sin escuchar la versión, porque podríamos llevarnos sorpresas y arrepentimientos por haber degradado sin saber. Yo mismo he caído en la trampa de haber criticado a personas que han salido en televisión y con el tiempo han descubierto que dichas personas eran inocentes y he sufrido mi ignorancia, porque podía haber sido uno mismo o personas queridas.

Todos sabemos que según la persona, será la importancia mayor o menor a los asuntos, pero cuando nos toca cerca las desgracias nos taladra de malas formas el alma. Sinceramente no daré mi opinión sobre el tema de la venda en los ojos del símbolo de la Justicia, porque igual puedo hacer daño por estar equivocado, es decir, seguiré reflexionando sobre la venda y un poco sobre la espada, que no es para cortar jamón justamente.

Gracias por dedicarme un poco de tu tiempo estimado lector, porque el tiempo es el tesoro más valioso del ser humano, el tiempo pasa y jamás volverá.

 

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